The types of Bamboo are as varied as their applicability. There are species of giant bamboo, lucky and other ornamental, used for decoration, landscaping, construction, handicrafts, including as raw material for paper or food industry.
Due to this diversity, domestic cultivation, including the agricultural production of this plant, has become more and more common in the country and to bring more inspiration about it, we present some types of garden bamboo, vases, furniture and other proposals detailed below.
With different sizes, thicknesses and colors, each type of bamboo serves a purpose for your home, garden or even for your professional environment and income generation.
Bringing oriental and even superstitious characteristics, such as lucky bamboo, for example, this plant also guarantees air purification, filtering elements such as formaldehyde, benzene and trichloroethylene from the environment.
Among so many benefits and beauty, it is worth having a bamboo version at home and for that, learn more about this versatile plant, its species, uses, care and how to plant.
Bamboo for Garden and Hedge
The most common types of bamboo in gardens are small and medium sized shrubs. They can be grown both in external gardens and in winter gardens, this last proposal makes the interior decoration of the house even more authentic.
Living fences and bamboo walls are also very original alternatives to bring more beauty to your outdoor area, integrating this natural trend into your home’s style.
Among the species, the most suitable for garden landscaping are:
Japanese Bamboo (Metake)
With thin stems and dark green foliage, this bamboo has rapid growth, reaching a height of up to 5.5 meters.
Watering is recommended every three days, as the lighting can be full sun or diffused light.
In addition to composing the landscaping of the garden, it is ideal when used as a hedge, given its ability to contain winds and sound barrier.
Buddha-Belly Bamboo (Ventricosa)
The name of this rare bamboo is due to the bulge between its nodes. Despite reaching up to 13 meters in adulthood, this bamboo is tolerant to pruning, ensuring its disposition even in winter gardens.
Watering can be regular, the tip is to check the soil moisture and let it dry to water again.
Its slower growth even allows it to be grown as a Bonsai.
Black Bamboo (Phyllostachys)
More exotic, Black Bamboo has a very dark stem, reaching a black hue after two years. This differential made this species one of the favorites among the types of bamboo for garden ornamentation.
It reaches up to 3 meters in height and the pointed light green leaves bring a complete contrast with its stem.
Avoiding flooding during watering and cultivating them in full or half sun is part of the little care that this beautiful plant requires.
Multiple Leaf Bamboo (Multiplex)
With a characteristic bush look, this type of multi-leaf bamboo literally represents its name.
The pointed leaves cover its entire thin stem, forming a dense barrier, ideal for hedges and wall closures.
It reaches up to 4 meters in height, but accepts pruning at any stage of formation.
Multiple Leaf Bamboo is suitable for tropical and subtropical climates, requiring moderate watering and medium lighting.
Bamboo for Vase
Some types of bamboo suitable for cultivation in the garden, such as Japanese Bamboo, Belly-of-Buddha or Black can also be used in pots, however, they need constant pruning to avoid reaching an exaggerated height.
Other small species make it even easier to plant Bamboo in a Vase, which guarantees a very original ornamentation for homes, offices and clinics.
In addition to composing the decoration, integrating a bamboo to the internal environment can help to purify the air and bring good energy, according to oriental culture.
To have a bamboo in the pot it is essential to follow some precautions, such as the size of the container, which must be twice the diameter of the plant’s root, including having holes below to prevent flooding. The soil must be drained, the standard substrate is a great element for this cultivation.
Mini Bamboo (Fargesia adpressa)
Reaching only 60 cm in height in adulthood, the Mini Bamboo is perfect in pots to be grown as clumps or in isolation.
With thin branches and voluminous foliage, this bamboo is also used as a soil cover, allowing a very attractive composition with other types of bamboo or plants.
It can be kept in half leftover and watered when the soil is dry.
Lucky Bamboo (Dracena sanderiana)
One of the types of bamboo most used in pots and in internal decoration, Bambu da Sorte allows a variation both in cultivation and in its shape.
It can be planted on land as well as grown in water (hydroponic), which makes its presentation even more interesting. While still in formation, many are braided manually, forming a living sculpture full of style.
Its height is usually controlled by the size of the disposed vessel, however, if free it can reach up to 1.5 meters.
It does not require a lot of light and the watering must be regular. If grown hydroponically, just cover 2.5 cm of the stem with water without chlorine or fluorine, which should be changed weekly.
The name, Bambu da Sorte follows a Chinese Feng Shui tradition, which says that the number of stems of the plant represents the attraction for some feeling, such as, two stems for love, three for happiness, five for health, eight for abundance and nine for good fortune and happiness.
Mossô Bamboo (Phyllostachys Pubescens)
Despite reaching almost 20 meters in height, Bamboo Mossô is one of the most used in landscaping by decorators and interior design.
When grown in the pot and pruned regularly, this size ratio can be adjusted to your preference.
The thickest stem of this type of bamboo can reach up to 15 cm in thickness, while its thin, pointed and small leaves contrast, bringing more lightness to Mossô.
Because you need more direct natural lighting, it is recommended to leave the vase with the Mossô close to doors or windows. Watering should be done when the soil is dry.
An ecologically correct substitute for wood and as efficient as, Bamboo composes several stages of construction, being used from structures, coverings, and of course, decoration.
Due to its greater ecological response, the use of various types of bamboo has been increasingly valued, given its short planting period until adulthood, which lasts an average of 3 to 6 years. This guarantees a shorter reforestation, as it grows 30% faster than any other wood species.
Other advantages of this construction option are that bamboo is less harmful to the soil, it is resistant to various types of fungi and insects, even when used as a coating, nor does it need finishing, given the natural beauty of its composition.
Check out the main types of bamboo used for civil construction.
Imperial Bamboo (Vulgaris)
With a yellow-green color, this bamboo reaches 12 meters in height with a thickness of up to 12 cm in diameter.
The rapid growth allows it to be reforested in a short period of time. The main structure of its stem is an empty culm closed by us.
In construction it is the type of bamboo most used as a natural coating , it is also very common in the manufacture of furniture and handicrafts.
Giant Bamboo (Dendrocalamus giganteus)
Its structure that reaches up to 60 meters makes Giant Bamboo an excellent element for buildings.
As a substitute for wood, it can be used alone or combined with other materials; be it on floors, panels, ceilings, beams and on the ceiling.
During your training you need at least three hours in the sun and water every three days. It is also very common for composing natural tunnels and closing large spaces.
This species has a variant called Rough Bamboo, which comes with the difference in the nodes (separations of the stems).
The bright green of the Guadua bamboo stem makes it an excellent element for construction finishes.
It is a type of bamboo widely used in temples and Zen spaces as ornamentation, even, its large structure reaches up to 15 meters and 15 cm in diameter.
It still has thorns in the buds and provides benefits to the soil, such as reduced erosion, drainage, water retention, and decreased ambient temperature, among others.
Like Giant Bamboo, it needs at least three hours of sunshine a day and regular watering.
In addition to being used as a finishing in buildings, coverings and also, in its natural form in gardens and vases as presented above, Bamboo can form raw material to compose various decorative and functional elements .
The sustainability and resistance of this material, in addition to the more accessible value compared to other elements, guarantee Bambu the versatility of integrating several compositions.
See some inspirations of decoration, furniture and handicrafts with various types of bamboo.
This piece adds a lot of personality to your living room, combining minimalist and rustic styles in a single composition.
In this version, it does not need any specific finishing, however, a varnish-based treatment can guarantee more resistance according to the type of bamboo.
Bamboo Chairs and Tables
This material provides a feeling of coziness, due to the simplicity of its structure and also, for coming in the raw form and referring even more to nature.
When bamboo is used in furniture such as chairs and tables it brings a contemporary rustic style, ideal for beach houses, countryside or outside area of your home.
Bamboo fountains and censers
Because it is a naturally energizing element, bamboo also composes objects that aim to transmit good feelings, as is the case with water sources and censers.
Another very original idea is to use them as pots for growing other plants.
Still due to its therapeutic quality, bamboo is also widely used for aesthetic treatments and massages as is the case with bamboo therapy .
Whether on walls or any other object in the house, such as mirrors, lamps, room separations, among others, bamboo does not need any finishing or painting. Just use it in the natural color and adapt its shapes to these objects and that’s it, you will guarantee an exclusive, accessible and meaningful decoration with these types of bamboo.
The pergola Bamboo is also a more affordable alternative and original decorate your garden.
How to plant and main care with Bamboo
Bamboo should be planted in the spring in places where the minimum temperature does not reach 15C.
Most types of bamboo need direct light for a few hours a day, so if your choice is indoor growing, whether in a pot or conservatory, prefer a brighter place or half shade, always airy.
The soil must have enough drainage, since the bamboos do not do well in waterlogged places. Through these tips check out the bamboo planting step by step.
- Prepare the soil with organic matter. In case of planting in pots, to ensure drainage, use a layer of stones instead.
- If you do not have seedlings , you can plant vegetatively. Just cut a piece of thatch in the rhizome (branches that grow between the nodes) and leave this part inserted in the earth.
- When transplanting the seedling or stalk into the soil, moisten the root immediately.
- If the planting is in the clump mode, allow a space of 1 to 1.5 meters from each seedling, as their propagation usually happens quickly and in a dense way.
Among the main precautions with these types of bamboo is watering, which must be done daily after planting and then every three days in adulthood. It is important to check that the soil is moist, if so, leave it to water when it is dry.
The garden or pot species mentioned above allow pruning, allowing a control of the dimensions that the plant can take. This procedure is recommended every two years.
For use as a raw material, bamboo can be harvested from the 3rd to the 5th year of formation. Edible types, such as the rough giant bamboo shoot, can be removed from the soil after 3 months.
The production of bamboo in agriculture has become very popular, since in addition to all the utilities already presented in construction, decoration, food and landscaping, bamboo can also be used as a raw material for the production of paper, cosmetics and musical instruments.
The cut should be in the first knot, that way it will sprout again and you will have more of this plant full of benefits, utilities and a lot of beauty at home.