Floor covering is one of the last parts of a work, and therefore one of the most anticipated. When assembling it, there are several options on the market, which allow different effects within the property. Among all of them, one of the most interesting is the floating floor. In fact, for reforms, he is one of the most suitable. Don’t know the option? Follow this text, and find out how to use it!
Floating floor: what is it?
The process of installing a floor usually involves leveling the floor, mortar and floor. In the case of replacing an existing one, it is common to remove the existing floor, and only then to install a new one. Let there be work! To facilitate these processes, then, it is possible to use the floating floor, which has quick and easy installation.
Floating floor consists of a material usually installed over an existing one. Its pieces are fitted on top of each other, and generate a beautiful, level and new floor, without the need to remove the previous one. Something that also characterizes the option is its similarity to wood, which often causes it to be confused with the material.
A floating floor stands out mainly for its visual aspect. If installed well, its result is quite beautiful. It also offers a feeling of good finish, as well as warmth. The product is also resistant and can last for decades without the need for changes or repairs. There are four types of floating floors: laminate, vinyl, carpet and structured wood. Each one will be explained shortly in this text. Keep following!
Advantages of the floating floor
The first advantage of using floating floors is precisely in their resemblance to wood. Beautiful as the original material, this floor is also cheaper. Both have the ability to create a warm and visually pleasing space, especially if combined correctly with the rest of the decor.
Another benefit of this type of pavement is its installation speed. As the floor pieces fit together, no type of fastening material, such as mortar, is required. This makes assembly work much simpler and faster. In addition, the option eliminates the need to remove an existing floor and can be installed on it. In addition to saving time, in this case, the consumer saves money paid for labor and avoids dirt.
When properly applied, the floating floor also provides good insulation. Both acoustic and thermal. This is because, in its installation, a blanket under the floor is used. This blanket has the ability to conserve sound and heat inside the property, even preventing noise from disturbing the neighbors. Therefore, it becomes even more interesting for apartments, where other residents are so close. On cold days, the material also conserves heat, preventing the touch from being uncomfortable and cold to the individual.
Finally, the material is cheap. Both compared to “original” wood, as well as other floors, such as porcelain.
Disadvantages of the option
As previously mentioned, the floating floor offers excellent sound insulation , preserving the sounds inside the property. This feature, however, can also be annoying. After all, as the sound does not “escape”, it ends up echoing inside the house. So, if you have children at home, it may not be the best alternative. After all, the constant fall of toys, for example, can cause the “double” of the original noise.
Another disadvantage of this type of floor is its low water resistance. When any liquid falls on the surface, drying is recommended as soon as possible. Otherwise, water can penetrate the floor and cause stains and even swelling. For this reason, by the way, this type of floor is not suitable for humid environments, such as the kitchen or bathroom.
How is the installation done?
Although faster than other options, the installation of the floating floor requires some special care. Therefore, it is essential that it is only assembled by a specialist professional. Mainly because it is necessary to make an adequate leveling of the soil before positioning the pieces. As they know the materials well, trained individuals are also able to reduce the waste of the product to almost zero. Thus, there is a greater economy of values.
The process of installing the floating flooring begins with the preparation of the floor. It needs to be leveled, especially where there are “holes”. Then, the floor receives a blanket made of polyethylene, which is approximately two centimeters thick. Soon after, plastic tarp is placed, which will act as the waterproofing material of the soil.
There are cases in which it is interesting to install an EVA blanket right afterwards. The material will be responsible for enhancing the acoustic and thermal insulation of the environment, and will only be used if this is the objective. Then, the boards that will compose the floating floor are sawn according to the floor design. Positioned in the same position as the main wall of the room, they are placed side by side, so that they follow together.
In each corner of each wall, it is necessary to leave an inch of space available. This is because “fake” wood tends to expand. The gap left will allow this expansion without the leveling of the surface being impaired.
For this reason, it is even recommended that the assembly be carried out on a day with a temperature between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius. The ideal air humidity rate for that day is around 50% and 60%. The floor, however, can be installed normally even if these conditions are not available.
Vinyl floor: the first floating floor
Vinyl flooring is a material produced using polyvinyl chloride, known as PVC. The product is available on the market in the form of blankets, rulers and plates, and for more extensive areas, plates and blankets are the most suitable, as they are larger.
Such a floor is protected by polyurethane resin. Therefore, it has a very interesting anti-allergic characteristic, making it ideal for installation in bedrooms. After all, it will not cause any type of allergy in the occupants of the space, even at night, in which cases of this type are common.
Such materials are also not very susceptible to stains. Unless, of course, a liquid remains on it too long. In that case, it is likely that brands will eventually appear. The floor still scratches if abrasion is strong, like that of a heavy piece of furniture being dragged. In common situations, however, it does not usually present major problems.
A disadvantage of vinyl is that its color fades with the incidence of the sun. In this case, the product ends up appearing with the “burnt” color, which is not very attractive in the visual of the property. If it happens, it is necessary to change the parts to ensure a new vivid hue. Thus, it is interesting to install the PVC floor only in places that do not have direct sunlight, even if it is necessary to insert a curtain on the window.
Finally, the floor supports water well, but it should never be submerged. Thus, it is not suitable for areas such as the bathroom, or for outdoor areas. When cleaning, a damp cloth will be enough.
The laminate floor is one that has materials derived from wood in its composition. Materials such as HDF (high density wood panel) and chipboard. This composition creates a certain incompatibility of the pieces with the water, since the absorption of liquid can stain and stuff the floor. Therefore, liquids that fall on the surface must be cleaned immediately.
For its shiny and beautiful look, the product receives a decorative layer filled with resin. It is available in strip shapes, which can be installed alone, fitting together , or using unscented glue. The best choice will be made by the professional responsible for the work, according to the floor already present and the space to be covered.
An interesting advantage of laminate flooring is its mobility. This means that, if you are moving, you can dismantle your floor and take it to cover the floor of the new property. The material, in any case, must be positioned in dry environments, and with a mild temperature. Therefore, it is indicated for rooms such as the office of marrying rooms and living rooms.
In order for risks to be avoided on the surface, it is interesting to install felt on the feet of furniture, even the lightest ones, such as chairs. When cleaning the surface, the most effective way is to use a vacuum cleaner. A damp cloth with little detergent is also interesting, as it allows the floor to shine again.
The so-called wooden carpet , in turn, is a material covered by thin sheets of wood. Available in thin planks, which are installed together and hold each other together, the floor is suitable for places of lesser circulation, such as closets and bedrooms.
Among all the floating floors, the carpet is the one that most resembles real wood. This makes the environment very cozy and comfortable, in addition to providing enhanced thermal comfort.
Using wooden carpet, however, also means having a coating with very little water resistance. Its resistance is also less than that of other options. First, because it is more prone to risks, including those caused by furniture. Thus, double care is required when dragging pieces around the house.
Structured wooden flooring
The last floating floor option available on the market is the structured wooden floor. The floor is formed by solid wood joined to sheets of cellulose. It is these blades that simulate the appearance of real wood. Despite being so visually close, however, the material is much cheaper than real wood, and allows installation without spending a lot.
The durability of this type of floor is approximately 60 years. The period, however, can easily be extended if care for it is long. It is necessary, for example, to install felt under the furniture, and avoid dragging it. The accumulation of water must also be prevented, as the wood can absorb the liquid and swell.
When choosing the ideal floating floor for your property, more than analyzing its type, you need to consider its look. Each of the products has a different look, which can be better adapted to the decoration and furniture already existing in your home.
The vinyl floor, for example, has a more “whole” look, since it is usually installed using blankets. This creates a smoother and more continuous appearance on the floor. The result is very interesting especially when there is a large free space, with no furniture in the way. This is because it creates a larger aspect of the room.
The laminate floor is made up of large, long boards. Thus, your look is less “cut”. It also creates a certain amount of space, especially if chosen in a lighter color. Pieces in darker tones, however, also bring advantages, creating greater elegance and refinement to the environment.
In the case of wooden carpet, its characteristic shine gives the decoration an extra charm. The feeling of warmth in spaces covered by it is great, as is the variety of “prints” and patterns of wood.
Finally, the structured wooden floor is usually made up of small wooden boards. This creates a more “cut” aspect of the floor, making the floor extremely similar to common wood floors. It also has a characteristic shine, especially if cleaned with the help of specific wax for the floor.
You may have noticed that we do not indicate any floating floors for the bathroom. After all, pieces that imitate wood can stain and swell with intense contact with moisture. This does not mean, however, that it is not possible to invest in a beautiful floor for the bathroom.
Arguably, the best flooring option for this room is still ceramic. Easy to clean and not slippery, the material does not absorb water, nor is it damaged by it. Considering that there are several colors, textures and prints for the product, the decoration of the environment can be produced in the way that the consumer desires.
In addition to this, the tablets can also be used in the humid environment without concern. The tablets are small ceramic “squares”, and they manage to create a delicate look. Its use also gives the room a retro look, giving the space an incredible personality.